This presentation of the investigation at Qana is part of an on-going series of supplemental CDs to Berytus. While the main material on the CDs are additional color photographs belonging to printed articles in the journal, the aim of articles such as this is to experiment with new digital means of conveying archaeological evidence.
These pages consist of a series of interlinked maps, panorama pictures of the site, interactive (QuickTime VR) panoramas and 3-dimensional stereograms of the finds.
In order to view the QuickTime VR panoramas correctly, your html browser must be correctly configured with a QuickTime VR plug-in. Refer to Apple's Quick Time site for instructions on downloading and installing software for viewing QuickTime VR imagery. Navigation interactive QuickTime VR images involves holding down the mousebutton to revolve the image to either side. Click to go to another image when the cursor changes shape.
To view the 3D stereograms, all that is necessary is normal, unaided stereo vision. These stereograms consist of pairs of photographs taken a horizontal distance apart corresponding to the normal distance between a person's eyes. They are simply viewed by focusing the eyes in parallel (rather than converging at one point) with the left eye viewing the left image and the right eye the right image. Some people have natural stereo vision, others can train their vision but some will have to use some form of stereo viewing aid. For more information, search for "stereograms" with your favorite search engine on the World-Wide Web. (These images, although they work in much the same way, should not be confused with random dot stereograms.)
Some recomended sites for information on viewing stereograms (June, 2000):
The Qana Archaeological Project, 1999 - 2000
(Important: Please read the note on the left before exploring this site for the navigation to work properly.)
The site of the Historic Reliefs at Qana, better known as the site of the cave called "Magharat Qana", is situated at less than a kilometer from the village Qana of Galilee in South Lebanon. The settlement has been the issue of a number of controversies. Often associated with the place where Jesus Christ attended the wedding of Qana and performed his first miracle, the local inhabitants and a large number of people and scholars believe that Qana of South Lebanon is the Qana of Galilee where Jesus transformed water into wine (John II, 1-11). They also believe it to be the place where Jesus performed another miracle on his way back from Judea to Galilee where he healed (from a distance) the sick son of a court official at Capernaum (John IV, 46-54). "Qana" is also mentioned in the Old Testament, more precisely, in the Book of Joshua (XIX, 28) where the author enumerates the northern limits of the tribe of Asher as encompassing Abdon, Rehob, Hammon and Kannah as far as Sidon the Great.
A number of Biblical scholars believe Qana of Galilee to be situated elsewhere, at the southern frontiers of modern-day Galilee in Palestine. This is based on the biblical accounts which recount that Jesus reached first the village of Qana as he entered Galilee on his way up from the Jordan River after his baptism, as well as on his return from Jerusalem. They propose that Qana, where the two miracles took place, is most likely to be situated at modern-day Kefr-Qana, to the south of the plain of Zabulon. They further identify Qana in South Lebanon with Qana of Asher, mentioned in the Book of Joshua.
In any event, it seems that the lack of conclusive evidence in both cases will prevent us from deciding with certainty on the exact location of "Qana of Galilee" where the miracles where performed. One thing remains certain however; Qana is a place of high antiquity with an important biblical tradition.
The antiquity of Qana is also attested in the site of the Historic Reliefs where important funerary sculptures where carved in the rock. A number of travelers/archaeologists have visited the site in the 19th and 20th centuries. Among them are: Ernest Renan, P. Ronzevalle and I. Kaokabani. Some date the features to the Hellenistic to Roman period while others associate them with an Itturean funerary tradition.
The site has been the object of a new archeological inquiry by the Qana Archaeological Project (Director Dr. Sami el-Masri) where new funerary reliefs and other significant archaeological features connected to quarrying and olive pressing activities were identified. The study will be published in detail in the Journal of the Lebanese Department of Antiquities BAAL. The discovery of new funerary groups and important pre-historic remains will add to the still understudied history of the area. A conservation plan for the whole site was also drafted and it will help preserve and manage the historic property and make it accessible to the general public.
Start your exploration of Qana by wandering around the maps below.
Tip: there are "hotspots" that take you from the annotated maps to pictures and from picture to picture. The interactive panoramas also have hotspots which can be found by moving the cursor around in the picture and clicking when it changes shape.
Created by the Digital Documentation Center at AUB in collaboration with Al Mashriq of Høgskolen i Østfold, Norway.
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