Oral Rehydration Therapy
The Revolution for Children
The four revolutionary measures, designated for convenience as GOBI, refer to growth monitoring of young children, oral rehydration therapy, promotion of breast-feeding, and immunization. UNICEF believes that the revolutionary potential of these four principal strategies, which form a class of their own, resides in their combined impact on children's health in the developing countries. Their other important assets include low implementation costs, simple technology involved, and almost universal relevance. None of these measures is new for they have been integral parts of health and nutrition programmes for many years, except for certain improvements in the technology by which they are applied, and the recently acquired confidence in their effectiveness. Ideally, they should also include the equally vital, but more difficult and costly, approaches designated as FFF that involve family spacing, food supplements, and female education.
UNICEF believes that a new avenue is now available to reach the homes of children in all parts of the world with the aim of saving them from sickness and possible death. It contends that primary health care is the idea which makes this revolutionary approach possible. The spread of education, communication, and social organization form the circumstance which makes it practicable. The four revolutionary measures are the techniques which make it affordable even in the midst of the present world recession.