1. These amendments are included in Decree Law no. 118, 1959, Decree Law no. 82, 1983, Decree Law no. 5, 1985, and Decree Law no. 132, 1992. Back

2. The Council for the Execution of Development Projects, the Council for the Execution of Major Projects for the City of Beirut and the Lebanese University. Back

3. Interview with Dr. Joseph Fadil, Counsellor in the Court of Accounts, April 18, 1995. Back

4. Interview with the President of the Court of Accounts, An Nahar Daily, October 20, 1994. Back

5. An Nahar Daily, April 13, 1995. Back

6. Annual Report of the President of the Civil Service Council for 1994, April 15, 1995, Appendix No. 1, p. 114. Back

7. Annual Report of the Central Inspection for the year 1993, Official Gazette, Special Annex No. 2, July 28, 1994, p. 38. Back

8. Annual Report of Central Inspection, 1973-1974, p. 3. Back

9. Annual Report of Central Inspection, Ibid. p. 4. Back

10. Interview with Mr. Abbas Farhat, former Acting President of Central Inspection and former Director General of the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Back

11. Annual Report of Central Inspection for 1993, Op. Cit. p. 62. Back

12. Kenneth Kofmehl, Professional Staff of Congress, Purdue University Studies, Humanities Series, 1962, p. 138. Back

13. Hassan Chalak, "Administrative Reform in Lebanon", Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Beirut, Lebanese University, 1989, p. 341. Back

14. Annual Report of the General Disciplinary Council for the year 1993, pp. 32-35. Back

15. Ibid., p. 2 1. Back

16. John Stuart Mill, Considerations on Representative Government, Chicago, Regenery, 1962, p. 111. Back

17. An Nahar Daily, July 26, 1994. Back

18. Ralph E. Crow, "Parliament in the Lebanese Political System" in Legislatures in Developmental Perspective, eds. Allen Kornberg and Lloyd D. Musolf, Duke University Press, 1970, p. 273. Back

19. The Chamber of Deputies can be dissolved if, in the absence of force majeure, it fails to meet throughout a regular session or two consecutive special sessions, the duration of each of which, is not less than one month, or in case it returns the budget with the intention of paralyzing the government or in cast it insists on its proposals for constitutional amendments that were refused by the Cabinet (articles 65 and 77 of the new constitution). Back

20. An-Nahar Daily, December 30, 1995. Back

21. As-Safir Daily, October 18, 1995. Back

22. Article 16 of the Lebanese Constitution. Back

23. An-Nahar Daily, October 19, 1994. Back

24. Emile Khoury, An-Nahr Daily, September 30, 1994. Back

25. As-Safir Daily, October 18, 1995. Back

26. Ibid. Back

27. As-Safir Daily, January 1, 1996. Back

28. James J. Heaphy, "Legislative Staffing: Organizational and Philosophical Considerations" in Legislative Staffing in Comparative Perspective, Eds. James J. Heaphy and Alan Balutis, New York, Halstead, 1976, pp. 7-8. Back

29. Max Weber, Essays in Sociology, translated and edited by H.H. Garth and C. Wright Mills, Oxford University Press, New York, 1946, pp. 233-234. Back


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